The carpet is made of high-quality pure wool, and then processed through the processes of hair selection, scouring, carding, dyeing, rug, shearing, and washing. It has the characteristics of excellent hair quality, unique craftsmanship and elegant patterns. It is unique in the world and is China's main export handicraft.Carpets are floor coverings made from materials […]
The carpet is made of high-quality pure wool, and then processed through the processes of hair selection, scouring, carding, dyeing, rug, shearing, and washing. It has the characteristics of excellent hair quality, unique craftsmanship and elegant patterns. It is unique in the world and is China's main export handicraft.Carpets are floor coverings made from materials such as cotton, wool, silk, hemp, coir or chemical fiber. These include hand-woven carpets, machine carpets and handmade carpets. In a broad sense, it also includes bedding, seat cushions, wall hangings, tents, saddles, curtains, and carpets. In the Neolithic Age, people used woolen beers to spun into threads, which were woven into thick wool for laying the floor. The carpet fragments unearthed from the Tomb of the Eastern Han Dynasty in China are typical hand-woven carpets. After the Han Dynasty, the Silk Road promoted the production of carpets in the Central Plains.
In the Yuan Dynasty, because the Mongolian people were mainly nomadic, the production of carpets was relatively developed, and carpet workshops were set up under the court. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, carpet production in Xinjiang, Tibet, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia and other regions has developed. On the basis of inheriting the traditional carpet technology, combined with the characteristics of brocade and embroidery art, it has created a unique carpet pattern that symbolizes auspiciousness. spread. In the 20th century, Beijing and Tianjin established a company that produces carpets for export and became a key production area for Chinese carpets. The traditional production areas of hand-woven carpets in the world are concentrated in East Asia, Central Asia, and countries in Europe and Asia. Since the UK's first Brussels carpet looms in 1720, mechanism carpets have emerged.
The mechanism carpets have accounted for 99% of the world's total consumption, and handmade carpets only account for 1%. There are many methods for sorting carpets. According to the manufacturing process, there are hand-stuffed carpets, hand-woven woven carpets, hand-tufted carpets, handmade felts, and machine-made carpets. According to the use, there are carpets, rugs, tapestries, prayer blankets, etc. There are wool carpets, silk carpets, jute carpets, chemical fiber carpets, etc.Also known as lichens, woven fabrics laid on the ground. China's carpets have a long history. As early as 2,000 years ago, Xinjiang in western China produced carpets and could weave a variety of patterns. Later, the process of weaving carpets was introduced into the Central Plains area, and the applicable surface became wider and wider. In the poem "Red Line Carpet", Bai Juyi, a great poet of the Tang Dynasty, had a famous saying that "the land is not known to be warm, and the clothing is less cloaked." According to the literature, in the Tang and Song Dynasties to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, there are more and more varieties of carpets.
The carpets are often made of cotton, wool, hemp and paper ropes. The woven carpet produced in China uses the high-strength veil strands as the warp yarns and the ground weft yarns, and the colored coarse weft yarns are formed on the warp yarns according to the pattern to form the piles, and then woven by the process of shearing, brushing and the like. Its front is densely covered with plush, solid texture and good elasticity. In particular, the carpets produced in the Hetian area of Xinjiang are more valuable and have the reputation of “Oriental Carpets”. The carpets produced there are not only of good quality but also of high yield.Also exported to Europe, Central Asia and other countries and regions. The largest carpet was a 1,250 kg carpet woven by the Urumqi Carpet Factory in the Xinjiang Hall of the Great Hall of the People in 1981. It was praised as the “King of the Carpet”. In 1966, a cotton blanket was unearthed in Lanxi, Zhejiang Province. It is 2.51 meters long and 1.18 meters wide. It is plain weave, with fluff on both sides and flat and thick. The material used was identified as cotton fiber. This cotton carpet was woven from the Southern Song Dynasty. This is the earliest cotton blanket to date. It can be seen that the carpet process has reached a very high level.At present, Xinjiang has gradually promoted the new technology of carpet ironing, which has improved the quality of carpets. They developed 540 and 720 or more carpets with exquisite craftsmanship and high artistic value.
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