Talking about smart textiles

Update:27-05-2019
Summary:

Smart textiles are undoubtedly an important feature of textile development in the future and will become part of people's daily lives. They represent a wide variety of fabrics and garments. Its intelligence comes from the special ingredients added to the fabric. These ingredients can be electronic devices, specially constructed polymers or even colorants. Many textiles […]

Smart textiles are undoubtedly an important feature of textile development in the future and will become part of people's daily lives. They represent a wide variety of fabrics and garments. Its intelligence comes from the special ingredients added to the fabric. These ingredients can be electronic devices, specially constructed polymers or even colorants. Many textiles are designed to compensate for undesirable conditions in the environment and provide better protection.

For example, there are many innovative fabrics that provide additional conditioning in hot or cold conditions. Other types of smart textiles include electronic devices that are widely used for convenience or security purposes. These textiles are increasingly important in the fashion industry. Broadly speaking, smart textiles refer to highly intelligent textiles that are developed using multidisciplinary knowledge such as textiles, electronics, chemistry, biology, medicine, etc.

Based on the concept of bionics, they can simulate life systems and have both perception and response. Features. Smart textiles in the narrow sense refer to electronic information smart textiles. It integrates technologies such as microelectronics, information, and computers into textiles. Phase change materials are substances that absorb or release potential heat from the environment by virtue of their own reversible phase transition within a certain temperature range. Using this property of phase change materials, it is possible to develop tempered textiles with intelligent temperature control and health care properties.

Such smart textiles can freely adjust the internal temperature of the textile within a certain temperature range according to changes in the ambient temperature. That is, when the ambient temperature rises, the phase change material absorbs heat and melts, stores heat; when the outside temperature drops. The phase change material condenses exotherm and releases heat, so that the internal temperature of the textile remains relatively stable. This feature makes it a wide range of applications. Shape memory textiles are a type of material that has a shape memory function introduced into a textile by weaving or finishing. Under the external conditions of temperature, mechanical force, light, pH, etc., it has textiles with excellent properties such as shape memory, high deformation recovery, good earthquake resistance and adaptability.

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